Biological Effects from RF Radiation at Low-Intensity Exposure, based on the BioInitiative 2012 Report, and the Implications for Smart Meters and Smart Appliances, June 5, 2013 Ronald M. Powell, downloadable from SCRBD
Physicist, Ronald M. Powell (Ph.D., Harvard University, 1975) explains, in lay terms, the implications of the BioInitiative 2012 Report for Smart Meters and Smart Appliances. He compares the low RF power density levels at which biological effects were reported in the RF Color Charts in the Report to the calculated RF power density levels that Smart Meters and Smart Appliances can produce.
This comparison shows that Smart Meters and Smart Appliances can readily produce RF power density levels at which biological effects have been observed. The current FCC Maximum Permitted Exposure limits, for RF power density levels for uncontrolled exposure of the general public, are too high (too permissive) to protect against these biological effects, and thus that much lower (more restrictive) exposure limits, like those proposed in the BioInitiative 2012 Report, are needed.
The BioInitiative 2012 Report is a massive evidence-based review of the medical research literature on the biological effects of electromagnetic fields, developed by 29 scientists, doctors, and other health care experts from 10 countries.
Introduction and Conclusions
The Biological Effects Chart, at the end of this document, has been produced using data from a massive new review of the medical research literature on the biological effects of electromagnetic fields. That review is called the BioInitiative 2012 Report.2 The purpose of the Biological Effects Chart is to show the radiofrequency (RF) exposure levels at which biological effects were found in 67 studies from the RF Color Charts of the BioInitiative 2012 Report, and then to compare those exposure levels to the following:
(1) current FCC Maximum Permitted Exposure (MPE) limits that govern Smart Meters and Smart Appliances in the United States
(2) new biologically based maximum RF exposure limits proposed in the BioInitiative 2012 Report
(3) calculated RF exposure levels produced by a single Smart Meter at various distances
(4) calculated RF exposure levels produced by a single Smart Appliance at various distances
This comparison is based on RF exposure levels expressed as the RF power density (RF power per unit area).
This comparison does not address other potentially important factors such as carrier continuity (continuous versus pulsed radiation) and modulation technique (the method used to impress information on the carrier), among others. The purpose is to identify what biological effects arise from exposure to RF power density levels like those produced by Smart Meters and Smart Appliances.
This comparison indicates the following:
(1) The current FCC Maximum Permitted Exposure (MPE) limits are so high that they provide no protection for the public from the biological effects found in any of the 67 studies.
(2) New biologically based exposure limits proposed in the BioInitiative 2012 Report are 1 million times lower than current FCC limits and would protect against the biological effects found in nearly all of the 67 studies.
(3) A single Smart Meter on a home can produce RF exposure levels that caused the biological effects found in either most or many of the 67 studies, depending on the distance from the Smart Meter.
(4) A single Smart Appliance in the home can produce RF exposure levels that caused the biological effects found in nearly half or fewer of the 67 studies, depending on the distance from the Smart Appliance. Multiple Smart Appliances in a home multiply the total exposure.
(5) (5) A single Smart Meter on a nearest neighbor’s home can produce RF exposure levels that caused the biological effects found in many of the 67 studies. A given home may have one to eight nearest neighbors, each with a Smart Meter, multiplying the total exposure in the given home.
(1) Most biological effects of RF exposure cannot be sensed by human beings. Examples are the onset of cancer, DNA damage, and fertility effects. One category of effects that can often be sensed includes neurological effects on sleep, memory, learning, and behavior.
(2) Unborn and very young children may be more affected by RF exposure than adults. This document provides background information, an explanation of each feature of the Biological Effects Chart, and a detailed discussion of each of the conclusions and observations summarized above. That discussion begins on page 11.
Figure 1, on page 9 in this document, and the Biological Effects Chart, at the end of this document, are in color, and are most easily understood when viewed in color. But they can also be understood in black and white. To make that possible, key lines in Figure 1 and in the Biological Effects Chart are identified not only by color but also by line thickness and line style (solid versus dashed).
1 The author holds a Ph.D. in Applied Physics from Harvard University, 1975.
2 BioInitiative Working Group, Cindy Sage and David O. Carpenter, Editors, BioInitiative Report: A Rationale for Biologically-based Public Exposure Standards for Electromagnetic Radiation, December 31, 2012 [http://www.bioinitiative.org ]
Kate Kheel sent out notice of the above Report.
This Report has been posted on the Maryland Smart Meter Awareness (MSMA) website.
MSMA is an alliance of concerned people that have come together in response to the mass rollout of digital, wireless smart meters. We feel that Smart Meters violate our rights to health, national security, privacy, and safety.